In this paper, Prof. Lien explores three periodicals published in the last 10 years of the Qing dynasty and examine how the writers (most of whom were Chinese students in Japan) articulated the concept of investigation 調查. She argues that “investigation” was not just a method to collect information but also a new writing style […]


Dominic Sachsenmaier holds a chair professorship in “Modern China with a Special Emphasis on Global Historical Perspectives”. Before coming to Göttingen in 2015, he held faculty positions at Jacobs University, Duke University as well as the University of California, Santa Barbara. He received his education at Freiburg University, St. Andrews University, Nanjing University and Harvard […]